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?? 1912 ????????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?. ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ??????????? St. Louis ??? ????????. ?????????? ??? ??????? ????????????? ???? ? ????? ? ????????? ???????? ?. ????????, ? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? 1902-1905 ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ???????????? Baretta, ??? ???? ???????? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ???. ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ?????????? ??? ????????? Lassar, ?????? ??? ???????????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ?????????, ?????? Kasten, ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????.
?? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?. ??????? ???????? 1660 ?????? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????????????? ??? ??? ???????? ?. ?. ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ???? ??? ??????? ?. ?. ?????????? (???????? 3?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? 1892). ???? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ? ???? ??? ???????? ?. ??????????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ????, ????? ???? ??? ??????????. ?? ?????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ?. ???????, ???????????????? ???? ????? ??? 20?? ????? ?? ???????????? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ???????? ??? St. Louis ??? ????????.
? ????????? ?. ?. ???????? ??????? ?? 1913 ???? ??????????? ????? ??? ???????? Val de Grace, ???? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? Arnaud, ??????? ??? ???????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ??????, ?????? (60) ??????????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????. ???? ?? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ??????.
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?????? ? ??????? ?? ?? 1660 ?????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ?. ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?????. ??????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????????. ? ????? ????? ???? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????.
?????? ?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ? ?????? ???? ??????????? ??? ??????????. ?? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ????????????? ??? ????? ? ???? ???? ? ????? ???????????? ?? ??? ????????. ????????? ?? ????? ???? ??????????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ???? ????, ?? ????? ?? ???????????? ???? ??????? ?????.

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?? ??????????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??? ????? ????????, ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? 15? ????? ?? ????????? ???? ????? ?????????, ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ????????? ??? ???????, ??? ????????????? ??? ??? 13? ?????.

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???? ??? ???????? ??? 1860 ?? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ????????. ???? ??? ???? ???? ??????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????????????. ? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????????????, ? ????????? ??? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ??? ? ?????? ??? ??????????? ?? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ????????? ??? ????????, ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? ???? ???????????. ?? ?????? ???????????, ??? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????, ????????? ?? ????????? ??? ??????????, ???? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ??? ???????????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ????? ????. ? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ?? ?????????????? ????? ?? 1958.
???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ????????, ????????????? ?? 1867 ??? ??? ???????????? Jules Baretta ??? ?????????? St. Louis ??? ????????. ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????? ??? 3500 ???????? ????? ?? 1884. ? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???????, ???????? ??? ???????? ??? Baretta, ?? ??? ??????????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ????.
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